When a caller or callee reports static or background noise on a call, this is often caused by the hardware positioning, placement, or audio levels used in the call. This guide covers the following topics for diagnosing and resolving your issues:
- Check for Twilio incidents
- Identify the issue
- Positioning and volume adjustment
- Attempt to replicate the issue
- Enable Voice Trace and escalate
Please start at the top, and walk through each of the troubleshooting steps as you work your way down the page.
For help with call issues not related to static, see Troubleshooting Audio Quality Issues on Twilio Voice Calls.
Check for Twilio incidents
Check the Twilio Status Page to see if there is an active incident, or an incident during the timeframe you reported issues, that could be causing your issues. For full details, please see Checking Twilio Service and API Status with the Status Page.
No incidents are listed that may be affecting calls: If you don't see an incident posted that may affect calls, then there is likely an issue elsewhere. Continue reading for additional troubleshooting.
An incident may be affecting calls: If you see an incident posted that may affect outgoing Twilio calls, please monitor the status, and then test again once the incident is resolved.
Identify the issue
Attempt to ascertain the full details surrounding this issue:
- Which side of the call is reporting the static issue(s): caller, callee, or both?
- Was the static present the entire time, or did this occur at some point in the call?
- Does this issue occur at the same time each call?
- Are any parties using a speakerphone, or a separate microphone and speakers?
- Is there another device near that could be causing static or interference? This is commonly seen when cellular phones and other wireless phones are near speakers.
- Does this issue only occur with specific phone numbers or number types (landline, mobile, VoIP, etc.)?
- Does this issue only occur when calling or receiving calls from a specific region or country?
- Do other callers/callees report similar issues?
Once you are able to answer these questions, continue reading for additional troubleshooting.
Positioning and volume adjustment
In most cases, call audio static issues are caused by interference from another device, or hardware issues. Please run through this troubleshooting checklist to try and resolve this issue:
- Disable any speakerphone functionality, and instead use a headset or a phone handset.
- If using a computer with speakers and a separate microphone, use a headset or phone handset instead.
- Experiment with the placement of the microphone and speakers to see if this helps resolve the issue.
- Try using different handset, headset, or computer, to see if your static issues can be isolated to particular local hardware.
If the above adjustments do not help resolve this issue, continue reading for additional troubleshooting.
Attempt to replicate the issue
Attempt another test call or two between the same phone numbers, and then try using the same Twilio phone number with different caller/callee phone numbers. The goal is to determine if this was a one-off, if the issue is limited to specific phone numbers or service providers, or if there may be a larger issue that requires investigation.
Issue is always replicated: If you are able to replicate the audio static issues on all calls in the same direction (to or from) with your Twilio phone number, we need to perform additional testing. Continue reading for additional troubleshooting.
Issue is sometimes replicated: If you are able to replicate the audio static issues only some of the time on calls in the same direction, check for any patterns:
- If audio quality concerns are only coming from incoming callers using a specific service provider (or a small group of providers), escalate to the caller's service provider.
- If audio quality concerns are only coming from outgoing callees using a specific service provider (or a small group of providers), continue reading for additional troubleshooting.
- If no pattern can be found, continue reading for additional troubleshooting.
Unable to replicate this issue: If you are unable to replicate the audio static issues, it's unlikely we will be able to address this report. Continue to monitor, and restart troubleshooting as needed if additional reports are received.
Enable Voice Trace and escalate
If you can rule out all of the above issues, Twilio's Support team can help investigate what went wrong. We ask that users enable Voice Trace in Console, and then attempt to recreate the issues once more. Voice trace produces a packet capture log for your calls, allowing our support and engineering staff to recreate call audio and investigate the reported issues.
For enabling and escalation instructions, see Enable Voice Trace for Troubleshooting Twilio Call Audio and DTMF Issues.