No. At this time, Twilio's US and Canadian (country code +1) phone numbers do not support receiving incoming SMS messages from international numbers (non-US or Canada). These phone numbers are able to send outbound SMS messages internationally.
Twilio recommends customers use US and Canadian phone numbers to send and receive text messages only between other US and Canadian numbers.
Warning: For receiving messages, it is always best to use Twilio numbers within the same country as the end user's device when possible. Twilio can't guarantee users can receive SMS from international numbers (a different country than your Twilio number). For more information, see Not Receiving Incoming SMS and MMS Messages on Twilio Phone Number.