Troubleshooting Call Audio Jitter Issues on Twilio Programmable Voice Calls

When call audio sounds robotic or cuts in and out, this is often caused by excessive jitter in the connection. Jitter can be caused by a number of factors including network traffic, or the technologies used in the call. This guide covers the following topics for diagnosing and resolving your issues:

Please start at the top, and walk through each of the troubleshooting steps as you work your way down the page.

For help with call issues not related to jitter, see Troubleshooting Audio Quality Issues on Twilio Voice Calls.

Check for Twilio Incidents

Check the Twilio Status Page to see if there is an active incident, or an incident during the timeframe you reported issues, that could be causing your issues. For full details, see Checking Twilio Service and API Status with the Status Page.

No incidents are listed that may be affecting calls: If you don't see an incident posted that may affect calls, then there is likely an issue elsewhere. Continue reading for additional troubleshooting.

An incident may be affecting calls: If you see an incident posted that may affect outgoing Twilio calls, please monitor the status, and then test again once the incident is resolved.

Identify the issue(s)

Attempt to ascertain the full details surrounding this issue:

  • Which side of the call is reporting the issue(s): caller, callee, or both?
  • Was the audio cutting in and out or choppy sounding?
  • Did the caller/callee hear over-compression, or a robotic or metallic sound?
  • Does this issue occur at the same time each call?
  • Does this issue only occur with specific phone numbers or number types (landline, mobile, VoIP, etc.)?
  • Does this issue only occur when calling or receiving calls from a specific region or country?
  • Do other callers/callees report similar issues?

Once you are able to answer these questions, continue reading for additional troubleshooting.

Attempt to replicate the issue

Attempt another test call or two between the same phone numbers, and then try using the same Twilio phone number with different caller/callee phone numbers. The goal is to determine if this was a one-off, if the issue is limited to specific phone numbers or service providers, or if there may be a larger issue that requires investigation.

Issue is always replicated: If you are able to replicate the jitter-induced audio quality issues on all calls in the same direction (to or from) with your Twilio phone number, we need to perform additional testing. Continue reading for additional troubleshooting.

Issue is sometimes replicated: If you are able to replicate the jitter-induced audio quality issues only some of the time on calls in the same direction, check for any patterns:

Unable to replicate this issue: If you are unable to replicate the jitter-induced audio quality issues, it's unlikely we will be able to address this report. Continue to monitor, and restart troubleshooting as needed if additional reports are received.

Enable Voice Trace and escalate

If you can rule out all of the above issues, Twilio's Support team can help investigate what went wrong. We ask that users enable Voice Trace in Console, and then attempt to recreate the issues once more. Voice trace produces a packet capture log for your calls, allowing our support and engineering staff to recreate call audio and investigate the reported issues.

For enabling and escalation instructions, see Enable Voice Trace for Troubleshooting Twilio Call Audio and DTMF Issues.

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